The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is one of the most extensive and complex systems of neurotransmitters in our bodies. This network of receptors are found throughout our body throughout the immune and central nervous systems, and plays a critical role in keeping other systems in our body balanced and working smoothly.
Terpenes are the aromatic elements of plant-based essential oils and can be found in all vegetables, fruits, and spices. They are recognized by the FDA as safe food additives and like cannabinoids, terpenes can interact with a variety of receptors in our body, not just those in the ECS.
Terpenes are pharmacologically active and work harmoniously with the cannabinoids of the cannabis plant when ingested. In fact, it is believed that the terpenes play an integral part in determining how the plant’s cannabinoids interact with our ECS. The mechanism by which terpenes interact with and alter the effects of cannabinoids is not yet well understood however, extensive research around the world on the subject are already underway.
The overall effect of a medical cannabis product is the result of the relationship between the cannabinoids and terpenes drawn from specific botanical plants and flowers, and their concentrations relative to each other. This combined effect is the Entourage Effect.