The top 3 things you should know about CBN (Cannabinol)
1 – What is CBN?
CBN is a cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant. Like CBG and CBC, CBN is considered a ‘minor’ cannabinoid relative to THC and CBD which get the majority of the press visibility.
CBN is produced through the breakdown of THC either in the plant or after extraction from the plant. Post-extraction, CBN is created through the natural degradation process that takes place when THC is exposed to certain conditions like high temperatures or improper storage that extends over a long period of time.
CBN occurs in relatively small levels in the cannabis plant – typically less than 1%.
2 – What does CBN do?
CBN has a lower affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors than some other cannabinoids such as THC, having a slightly higher affinity to CB2 receptors than CB1. In simple terms, this means CBN has some similar benefits to THC but at lower levels while CBN also has its own potential benefits.
While CBN does not have psychoactive effects, it has been shown to increase feelings of dizziness and drowsiness when combined with THC. Alone, however, CBN does not have psychoactive or physiological effects. Nevertheless, when consuming CBN products, it is advisable to exercise caution until the user understands how this particular cannabinoid effects them.
3 – Studied effects of CBN
As with most of the medical information available on cannabis products, the benefits of CBN demand further research. The studies that are available are pre-clinical, and are not sufficient for users to treat, diagnose, or cure any disorder or disease. The safety and efficacy of CBN has not yet been proven in humans. Nevertheless, the medical information that is available appears to be promising:
- CBN may have strong antibacterial effects, like other cannabinoids including CBG, CBD, and THC.
- CBN may have anti-inflammatory effects based on its ability to modulate the endocannabinoid system, interact directly with certain immune cells, and alter levels of some compounds that produce inflammation.
- CBN may have strong pain relieving effects, thanks to the release of peptides from nerves which may act to decrease pain sensations.
- CBN may have sedative effects, but research is inconclusive.
- CBN may have vasorelaxation effects, meaning it may cause relaxation of blood vessel walls, leading to a drop in blood pressure.
While more research is needed before CBN can be considered for use as a treatment, the early evidence is encouraging.
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